Monday, June 26, 2017

The Overlooked Benefits Of The Draft

The Op-Ed pages of the New York Times never fail to yield something that provokes my thinking in a positive way (and, of course, much of that ends up here in this blog).  Here is a very recent example.

I did not turn 18 until 1974, a point at which the American involvement in the Vietnam conflict was winding down.  But I vividly remember going with my mother to register for Selective Service (i.e., the draft), and, while signing in, seeing the signatures and information of some of my high-school classmates.  I found myself wondering what it would be like to actually be drafted, to serve in uniform, to put myself in harm's way.  At the time, I'm forced to admit it was not an appealing concept.

Having read the Times' piece, however and, otherwise in retrospect, I'm forced to agree that the author is 100% correct.  Mandatory service, whether in combat or in other forms, is a great leveller of Americans from all backgrounds, and perhaps serves as a way of tempering the political desire to use combat as a way of scoring electoral points.  I'm also forced to agree that reinstating mandatory service is probably a political non-starter.  A shame.  It might provide a number of not-so-obvious benefits, such as reducing the general level of friction among Americans with different viewpoints, and helping young people searching for a personal and professional identity to find one.

At the risk of grinding my professional ax, and that of my wife, I'd also like to point out one other overlooked benefit of mandatory service:  the opportunity to travel, to learn about other cultures and to share those cultural experiences domestically.  Once upon a time, we were at war with the Vietnamese people; now, many of them are here, working in a variety of roles to claim a share of the American dream.

As the long-term outcome of a war that painfully divided this country, and many of its families in particular, there is a measure of solace in the Vietnamese presence in America today. Our way of life is a lot stronger than we think.  This is why, for my wife and me, the current state of the immigration debate in this country is a tragedy and a disaster.  If war does nothing else in a positive sense, it does teach us that there is more to humanity than ourselves.

Even if reinstating mandatory service is a non-starter at this point, it would be a worthy goal for an ambitious leader, or perhaps a new generation willing to reinstate in this country a sense of common purpose, of obligation to one another and to the rest of the world.  I don't look forward to that happening while Trump is in office.  But, maybe, one day ...

Stabbing On Stage--Violence Or Justice? Depends On Who's The Victim

The shootings in Alexandria two weeks ago, the subject of my previous post, unleashed (as I noted) a wave of fake news by the right-wing press about left-wing violence.  As I also noted, the Alexandria tragedy is, thus far (knock on wood) an isolated cased, in contrast to the waive of shootings by white males of young, mostly male, mostly African-American over the past eight years. And, by the way, does anyone doubt for a second that every one of those young African-American men was, effectively, a surrogate for Barack Obama?  That's what so-called "stand-your-ground" laws are really all about; standing one's very white ground against the progress of the oppressed.

But never underestimate the paranoia of the American right, or its talent for self-publicity, no matter how hypocritically or stupidly executed.  This summer's Public Theater productions of Shakespeare in Central Park included a recently-ended production of "Julius Caesar" done in modern dress, with Caesar and Calphurnia made up to look like the Trumps.  This led the conservative noise machine denouncing the Public Theater for encouraging violence against the First Family and conservatives in general, and even to an incident in which people attempting to peacefully watch the production almost had their night ruined by a pair of Internet trolls looking for their 15 minutes of fame.

Why all of this?  Well [spoiler alert], Caesar is of course assassinated in the play.  But anyone who has even seen or read the play knows that its point is not the endorsement or glorification of assassination, but the exact opposite.  Conservatives used to revel in their knowledge of the classics; now they revel in their utter ignorance of them, as in the case of the trolls.  Corporate sponsors, unfortunately, are not much better; two of them withdrew their support for the production after the "controversy" surfaced.  It's not much more encouraging to know that the captains of what's left of American industry don't know how to read, either.

But perhaps the richest irony in all of this is the fact that, not too long ago, a modern-dress production of the same play was done with a Barack Obama stand-in as Caesar.  Not only was their no right-wing outrage over this, but one of the corporate sponsors of that production was one of the ones that withdrew their support from the Public Theater production.  Not to name names, but it'll be a very cold day in July before I fly on Delta Air Lines again.

Once again, it's OK if you're a Republican, and you're the oppressor, not the oppressed.  Never forget that.  They sure as hell don't.

Sunday, June 25, 2017

Like It Or Not (And I Hate It), The Battle Has Been Joined

I have warned many times in this space that we as a people have for some time been headed to a state of civil war.  In fact, I suggested in a recent post based on election-related events in Montana that this war had already started.

Well, it takes a minimum of two opponents to make a shooting war.  And eleven days ago, on a baseball field in Alexandria, Virginia, the other side finally shot back, as a deranged gunman who had supported Bernie Sanders opened fire on members of Congress and others as they were practicing for a charity baseball event.  The gunman lost his life; his would-be victims were more fortunate in that all of them survived, thanks in no small part to the heroic efforts of Capitol Police who were on the scene because Rep. Steve Scalise, one of four who were injured, is part of the House of Representatives leadership.  Fortunately, Scalise's condition has been upgraded over the past eleven days from critical to serious to fair.  I pray that he and the others will fully recover, as many of us already have prayed.

But, even if they do recover, it still leaves us with the fact that, after a long string of violent incidents and threats by those on the right against those they thought of as easy targets on the left ("snowflakes," I believe, being the epithet of choice), it appears that the days of easy targets are over.

Make no mistake.  If there is one person out there like the Alexandria shooter, in a nation of 300-plus people (and at least one gun for every one of them), there are many, many more.  And they will not be deterred by the prospect of death.  Desperation will do that to people.  If an incident like this is any indication, I fear that we many not have to wait very long for the next Alexandria.  I do not stand along in thinking this way; John (son of Norman) Podhoretz, no one's idea of a bleeding-heart liberal, recently made much the same point I have made about the level of division in America.

Let me be as unambiguous about where I stand on all of this as possible.

I do not condone violence.  I do not advocate violence.  I cherish our democratic ideals and institutions, and I pray that they will continue to serve the nation and the world for many, many centuries to come.

But ideals and institutions are only as strong as the commitment that they receive from the people--from all of the people.  It has, however, been obvious to me for decades that one side of our political divide lives by those ideals, while the other is content to pay them lip-service.  Lip-service that has disguised the libel, the threats, the behind-the-scenes manipulation, the outright bribery, and the damnable lies for which, in the name of the Republic for which all of us should stand, they and they alone are solely responsible.

For years, the practical aspects of the relationship between Democrats and Republicans have best been summed up by many through the running gag in the comic strip "Peanuts" in which Lucy holds a football for Charlie Brown to kick, but pulls it away just as he is about to kick it, causing him to slip, fall, and feel foolish.  Over and over again.

We saw this happen once again, sadly, in the aftermath of the Alexandria shooting.  While Paul Ryan attempted to take a bipartisan tone of congressional unity and support for the victims, and Donald Trump was once again using someone else's tragedy to call attention to his foolish self, Democrats once again issued calls for unity and bipartisanship, taking yet another run at that fickle football.

And, unsurprisingly, it got pulled away from them again.

It got pulled away by the anonymous phone calls to congressional Democrats, threatening them with thinly-veiled promises of violence

It got pulled away by the Georgia Republican Party, which bragged about how the shooting would help them win a special congressional election in Georgia.  (Sadly, they were right).

It got pulled away by the return of Hillary-hatred, pumped up to the level that Trump pumped it up during the campaign (when he suggested a "Second Amendment" outcome for the election).

It got pulled away by ridiculous suggestions that the shooting reflected some kind of epidemic of leftist violence.

Really?

Oh, to be sure, there's been an epidemic, all right.  But one would be hard-pressed to honestly call it "leftist" violence.  More like "rightist" violence--or, to truly put cards on the table, racist violence.

Think, for a moment, about the dozens of victims of gun violence during the Obama years.  What did many of them have in common?  Did someone say "African-American"?  Well, that would be me, because, if the other side was equally honest, they would use a less-attractive phrase.

I sum it all up in a single name:  Philando Castle, gunned down by a police officer while he was peacefully and lawfully sitting in his car committing the unpardonable crime of being a black man with a lawful firearm.  If the word "black" could honestly be removed from that sentence, the NRA would be (no pun intended) up in arms over his fate.  The fact that they are not speaks volumes about the real motives of the NRA and their fellow-travellers.  The fact that the National Review (again, no commie-pinkos here) denounced the shooting speaks volumes about how much Castle's tragic death undermines the entire conservative position on guns.

But it won't stop conservatives from pandering to gun-toting voters.  I'm reminded by this fact of a quote by Lenin, to the effect that if the Communists announced a plan by which they would hang all capitalists, the capitalists would trip over each other to sell the rope.

And thus, we have one of the targeted members of Congress advocating already for yet-looser gun laws.  We also have another one who voted against background checks wanting to know more about the background of the Alexandria shooter (you might have known, you fool, if you hadn't cast that stupid vote).  We have yet another one denouncing DC gun laws while simultaneously admitting that the threat of guns is the reason that Republicans aren't holding town halls during congressional recesses.  And, of course, we have one of my personal favorites, Senator Rand (named after Ayn) Paul neglecting to take off of Twitter a seemingly embarrassing-in-light-of-recent events quote.

Or did he neglect it?  Maybe the threatened loss of gun voters outweighed the embarrassment.

Perhaps the most honest comment from a congressional Republican is this one.  Yes, it's no longer safe to chase the gun vote.  Like it or not, and I take a back seat to no one in hating it, the battle has been joined.

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Handel To Workers: Drop Dead

OK, not a particularly original headline.  If you don't know already, I stole it from the New York Daily News, who its original version of it to savage then-President Ford for promising to veto any legislation that would bail out then-cash-strapped New York City.  Still it's hard to know how else to react to the moment in the recent debate between the candidates in the special election for Georgia's 6th Congressional District when Karen Handel, the Republican candidate, decided to put her foot in her mouth in a major and irreparable way.

How?  In response to a moderator's question about whether the candidates supported an increase in the minimum wage, Ossoff offered a measure of qualified support for it, but Handel offered something else:  "I do not support a livable wage."  As if that weren't bad enough, she made it clear that she felt it was more important for government to enable businesses to maximize their incomes than it was for government to require that they share a certain amount of that income with their employees, who are the real maximizers of the incomes of their business and (in their roles as consumers) the incomes of other businesses.

Wow.

I'm not surprised that she feels this way.  I know for a fact that most, if not all, Republicans feel that way.  I'm surprised by her candor, although I think that it's such an inherently un-politic thing to say that I don't think the statement was birthed by a desire to be candid.  Rather, I think it's a reflection of her inexperience in politics.  Seriously, who comes out and says that they are not going to support a level of wages that would allow people to live?  Who believes anymore that business people have any reason to avoid paying the lowest possible wages they can get away with, absence some form of government coercion?

Not the majority of the American people, that's for damn sure.  And not the Democratic Party. Which is something to remember, the next time someone tries to tell you that there's no difference between the two major political parties.  There is a difference.  An enormous difference.  It is, quite literally, the difference between life and death.

So get off your you-know-whats and VOTE NEXT TIME for the party that cares about whether your wages keep you alive or not!  Especially if you're in the 6th Congressional District in Georgia on June 20.  Go Ossoff!  May the voters tell Handel to "drop dead."

The (Expletive Deleted) Narcissism Of Donald Trump

In my last post for May, I noted that I was writing on Memorial Day weekend, and mentioned the fact that I have three family members--my uncle, my cousin, and my father-in-law--who all served our country in uniform.  My uncle, in particular, stands out in my mind, even though I never knew him. He was a successful athlete and scholar in high school, but was drafted, shipped out to Europe and killed in action during the Battle of the Bulge.  My father-in-law also served in Europe, on D-Day and in the Battle of the Bulge.  He came back, and lived to the age of 90 with two broken vertebrae broken in combat.  He never complained, and always told me (and others) that he wasn't a hero, that the real heroes were the ones that didn't come back.  And my cousin served in Vietnam; although he came back, he ultimately died from cancer he likely developed through exposure to Agent Orange.

I take issue with my father-in-law's assessment.  They're all heroes.  They put their lives on the line for all of us.  They all had to make varying degrees of compromise with life as a result.  I know the pain that leaves behind; for my mother and aunt, the loss of my uncle in World War II was a life-defining experience.  I think all of us need to find ways to make the dreams of those who didn't get to pursue them come true, however we can do that.

Which is why I find the self-absorption of our current pathetic excuse for a Commander-in-Chief beyond belief and beneath contempt.  For his first D-Day in the Oval Office, he went on Twitter not to commemorate the fallen and the sacrifices made by their families, but to vent his various and largely imaginary grievances at the media, the part of our society that put his miserable life on the map in the first place.  It's all here.

With this insult to those members of our society who should have respect above anyone else, on top of the muddled, likely criminal mess that he's made out of his Administration, Trump should no longer be given any benefit of the doubt.  He has no true constituency--only 46% of the voting public who would vote a turnip into office if it had an "R" after it's name on the ballot.  That, and a lot of sad, desperate people who were willing to believe his promises just because they sounded so go.

Donald Trump's entire history has been a study in epic self-absorption.  He doesn't care, and never will care, about anything and/or anyone except Donald Trump.  He is a menace to all of us, even to his supporters.  He would just as soon blow the world up, if he could somehow convince himself that the survivors (if any) would serve him with unquestioned loyalty.

The fallen spit on you, Donald Trump.  And so do I.

Saturday, June 10, 2017

Politics Is Now Generational AND Financial, Not Local

All politics is local, according to Tip O'Neill.  Well, perhaps not, in a globalized world.  Perhaps there are other benchmarks we can and should use.  Especially if by "we," we men (as I do) progressives.

Less than 48 hours ago, the British political system received the second of two major shocks in less than a year.  The voter approval of Brexit, the departure of Great Britain from the European Union, has now been followed by not simply the loss of a Conservative majority in Parliament, but an absence of a majority by any one party to replace it.  I'm prone to push against exaggeration, and yet I can't think of a point in my lifetime at which British politics has seemed so muddled.  Despite that, I think that it's possible to look at the muddle and find some signs of the future's likely direction.

Apart from the Tory loss of its parliamentary majority, the most notable feature of this election is the increase in the number of MPs elected from the Labour Party, which has shared a kind of political duopoly with the Conservatives for much of the past 70 years.  Labour is far from a majority, and could not form a government even with the help of its two likeliest coalition partners, the Scottish Nationalists and the Liberal Democrats.  But the party nevertheless enjoyed a major surge in support through this election, and it did so in spite of the fact that its leader, Jeremy Corbyn, has long been regarded as a pariah by the political/economic establishment in Britain.

How did Corbyn and his party pull this off?  How,  in particular, did they manage to do so despite the fact that the weeks leading up to the election included two major terrorist attacks in Manchester and London, attacks that in theory should have played to the Conservatives' perceived advantage on law-and-order issues?

Corbyn did this in part by a response to the attacks that was as overdue on substance as it was direct in style.  He did so by connecting the dots between terrorist attacks at home and the Conservatives' foreign policy abroad, although (IMHO) he could have gone much farther by connecting the dots between that policy and the Western dependence on oil-producing, terrorist-financing nations. That, however, will have to be a subject for a future post (and it may well be).

But, mainly, he did by recognizing what was happening to the generation that will inherit nearly four decades of conservative economic policies (yes, Tony Blair, I'm including you).  That generation is broke, with many debts and few prospects.  And its members are angry at a system that they feel is rigged against them.  That anger was palpable even in their culture; now, it has been translated into votes.

Could the Democrats do something similar here, in 2018?  Or, perhaps, even sooner, since there are special elections for Congress and gubernatorial elections to be held in 2017?  There's nothing that's standing in their way--except, perhaps, their addiction to Wall Street money.

Despite the success of Howard Dean, Barack Obama, and Bernie Sanders in relying on individual donations to help build national campaigns, Democrats have not yet shown any significant willingness to abandon their corporate donor base.  That played a major role in last fall's disaster. Hillary Clinton and her campaign staff thought that they could successfully run for the White House on the strength of identity politics.  They overlooked the fact that Obama won two terms in it based not on his personal demographics (which he actually soft-pedaled), but as an apparent advocate of progressive policies.  The fact that he was not as strong an advocate of those policies as he appeared to be played a large role in the midterm losses during his Presidency, as well as last year's rise of Bernie and fall of Hillary.

In the process, it may have helped to feed the rise of Donald Trump; voters that were looking for the kinds of policies Democrats used to offer routinely, and thought they found them by listening to the self-absorbed ramblings of a New York real estate developer.  The proper way to view that is as an act of desperation, based on a despair that Democrats have inadvertently fed by running away from their natural base toward a political "center" that has largely disappeared.  European history has lessons for American politicians on the dangers of doing this; Trump is proving to be perhaps our first such lesson.

Frankly, Democrats don't need money nearly as much as they need voters.  Badly.  And not all economically-stressed voters are voting for Trump.  Many of them are just staying home, with the majority of Trump's voters coming from higher-income brackets--exactly the people most likely to vote Republican anyway.

The young and the poor:  those are the demographic benchmarks the Democrats should use to strengthen their voting base and start winning elections again, especially given the now-historic overlap between the two groups.  The British election proved it; now it is up to the Democrats to learn it and act on it.  Perhaps they already have:  take a look.  And another one.

The Democrats' future lies in the economic populism of the past, not the middle-of-the-road corporatism of the 1990s.  The country's future--especially its young people's future--lies there as well, not in the pseudo-populist white nationalism of Donald Trump and the we'll-do-anything-for-power Republicans.  Let's hope the Democrats learn all of this in time to save the nation, as well as the rest of the world.

Monday, May 29, 2017

War And Rememberance (And Re-Remembering, In Some Instances)

I am very mindful that I am writing my last post for this month during the dying minutes of Memorial Day, a day when we remember those we have lost who helped preserved the freedom all of us have gained.  Many of us count friends and family among those who are absent--an uncle, a cousin, and a father-in-law, in my case--and it is entirely fair to say that, for those of us in that circumstance, this day is especially meaningful.

So it seems weirdly appropriate to reflect on the recent removal, in New Orleans, of public monuments to the "Lost Cause" of the Confederacy, as well as similar action that is being contemplated by the mayor of Baltimore.  For some, this is political correctness (so-called) run amok, an attempt to "re-write" history.

But is it?  Nobody's pretending the Civil War didn't happen, or that the people who fought it didn't live, or that (whether North or South) the people who fought it didn't believe they were standing up for values they believed in.  Nobody's making the case that we should not remember the Civil War, or what it was about.

It's very simple:  it was a war to free the slaves in Southern states, because people should never be treated as property.  Period.  The right side one and, to perhaps put it crudely, history is written by the winners.  That's a fact conservatives are willing to acknowledge when it works in favor of their heroes.  Why shouldn't that principle be a two-way street, politically speaking, in a democracy?  For that matter, no monuments need be destroyed in the process; they can be moved to museums, where they can be viewed in a proper educational context.  All that is being asked is that we stop pretending that the Lost Cause was a gallant one.  It was lost for a reason:  it was wrong.

Perhaps all of this is better said here, by Mitch Landrieu, the Mayor of New Orleans (Moon's son, Mary's brother, for those of you who follow political dynasties).  Read his words carefully.  There was a time when politics was filled with leaders who spoke to our best instincts with such eloquence. Perhaps there can be such a time again.

I hope your Memorial Day was safe and meaningful, and that it has inspired you as much as Mayor Landrieu's words should.

Is There Hope In Numbers?

If you look at the results of the special elections for House seats thus far, there's not a lot of reason for finding optimism, unless you're a Republican.  True, the Democratic numbers in those elections are higher than they have been for the districts in question in past elections.  But just as politics isn't beanbag, it also isn't horseshoes; close doesn't count.  And there are plenty of Republicans who are more than happy to remind you of that fact.

But, if you're willing to look beyond the short-term numbers, there are some long-term numbers that are worth a look.

The first set of these comes by way of FiveThirtyEight.com, which recently reported a marked decline in the percentage of voters expressing strong approval of Donald Trump.  That figure has, per Nate Silver, declined from about 30% to around 21% or 22%.  Putting it another way, it's down to about the level of support for Richard Nixon around the time that he was forced to resign from his Watergate-ruined Presidency.  Having lived though Watergate (and never dreaming until now that I might have a chance to live through it twice), I can recall that, even at that low level, there was concern about what Nixon's supporters might do in the wake of his resignation.  Fortunately, they did not turn violent.  That may be a worry that, in our present circumstances, we don't have the luxury of of not thinking about.  But it suggests that impeachment of Trump may not be a total fantasy, either. Keep in mind:  impeachment is a political, not a legal process, and it may be only another Congress away.

And longer term?  Take a look at this.  Can you blame them?  A lot of their elders would flee the GOP as well, if it weren't for the political and social capital they might lose.  Perhaps they might not lose as much as they fear if they did flee.

When a party chases a dying demographic using gerrymandering, dark money and voter fraud to corral them, it will not be a political party for long.  Let's hope they don't blow all of us up in the process.

When The Salt Has Lost Its Savor

Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.
                                                                                             Matthew 5:13 (King James Bible)

These are Jesus' words to his disciples.  He is using the concept of salf as a preservative (which it was in the Roman world) to stress the need for his followers to stand strong in the values of their faith in God. Without that willingness, they are literally good for nothing in His eyes.

Of course, one doesn't have to look in the Bible to find Christian values.  One can find them easily enough elsewhere in literature, especially classic literature such as Charlotte Bronte's "Jane Eyre." Jane's lover, Edward Rochester, attempts to deceive Jane into marriage while he is still married to another woman no longer sane enough to be a wife.  He is, ultimately, effectively punished for this when his wife burns down his home and he, in the process of trying to save her, loses his sight and one of his hands.  Jane ultimately forgives and marries him, and subsequently, he not only regains sight in one eye but is allowed to see his eyes as they used to be in the child he and Jane have.  His reflection on this is that God has tempered judgment with mercy.

Judgment and mercy.  Sin and redemption.  High standards to live up to, but forgiveness for those who acknowledge their shortcomings.  These, in effect, are the positive and negative poles of Christianity, as learned by me in church, and as re-learned during my adult years in a former life as a born-again Christian.

I say "former life" because, over the course of about 12 years, I witnessed too much hypocrisy when it comes to the dispensation of judgment and mercy in the evangelical world, especially when it came to politics and politicians.  The very born-again Jimmy Carter was deemed insufficiantly Christian (translation:  insufficiently conservative) by believers of a Republican persuasion, who where led by their power-hungry pastors to support the not-so-very-church-going Ronald Reagan. That was nearly 40 years ago.  From the vantage point of the Gospels, and otherwise, it's all been downhill from there.

In fact, it has gotten to the point at which a man can brag about adultery in the crudest, most denigrating terms when it comes to describing women, and not only be elected to the White House, but, in doing so, to have the support of the entire evangelical political leadership of this country, who preferred the aforesaid man to a woman who had forgiven her own husband for multiple, similar offenses.

That is what evangelical Christianity in America has become in the past four decades.  Judgment against those who extend mercy when requested, while extending mercy to those who do not even stop to ask for it.  And why not?  If that's what it takes to grip America by the--well, by the whatever--then so be it.  As for what G-d thinks about all of this?  Best not to ask.  You may find yourself to be former salt, ready to be trampled under foot.

How bad is it?  Consider the case of this young woman, who made a mistake in a relationship and is now expecting a child.  She has been honest about her mistake.  She has affirmed her desire to carry her unborn child to term.  She has dealt, in short, with a very painful situation with tremendous integrity and candor--and for that, she is being punished by her school by not being allowed to be part of its graduation procession.

Let me be as clear about this as possible;  the school in question is, theoretically, a Christian school. And, to use Mr. Rochester's formulation, they have chosen judgment over mercy. And these folks seriously wonder why many women in similar situations seek abortions? One is forced to wonder how the thus-far anonymous father would be treated if he were in the position of Maddi Runkles.  If one is a student of social history, sadly, one doesn't have to wonder for long.

It is painfully clear that, for the most part, at the leadership level, the "salt" of evangelical Christianity has lost any claim to savor.  It should rightly be trampled under foot by those it would claim to lead. Thankfully, there are some signs that this is happening.  Take a look.  Take another.

How long, O Lord, before your mercy has reached its limits and your judgment against those who have sold their souls will no longer tarry?  Not long, I pray.  Not long.

What Do China, India, And California All Have In Common?

Answer:  All of them stand in the way of Donald Trump, who seems bound and determined to make the United States the biggest source of greenhouse gases, especially if (as rumored) he is determined to pull the U.S. out of the Paris climate accord next week.

What's that you say, especially if you're a Trump supporter?  China and India produce more greenhouse gases than we do.  Perhaps that's currently the case, but not for much longer.  Of course, you're entitled to view a story in the New York Times as "fake news," but you're not entitled to be justified in holding that view.  Especially when, in the process of accelerating their development of alternative energy sources, China and India (as pointed out in the story) are helping to make these sources more affordable for everyone.

And "everyone" includes at least some of us in the U.S., in states such as California, where Trump's misplaced nostalgia for dirty fuels and the economy they formerly powered has been soundly rejected.  Trump may very well succeed in slamming the brakes on clean energy development on a national scale.  But that may not matter if California, home to one-tenth of the nation's population, continues to focus on that development at the state level.  Indeed, and again according to the Times, California appears ready to force that development not only at the national level, but even at the international one.

In fact, California appears ready to fight Trump on a number of fronts, including immigration.

I've said this many times before, and I'll say it again.  California, the state that launched the tax revolt in the 1970s (and the so-called Reagan Revolution with it), may very well be the state that drags the rest of the country into the 21st century, and beyond.  Let's hope so.  We don't have a lot of other sources of hope out there.

Sunday, May 28, 2017

The Only Interesting Thing About Roger Ailes

The death of Roger Ailes, the evil genius behind Fox News and, prior to that, to the late-20th-century rise of the Republican Party, should not be any cause for mourning on anyone's part.  His talents for media manipulation, and his propensity for humiliating women, have both been well documented enough that no one with an ounce of decency should miss him.  (If, on the other hand, you are in need of a refresher course, or have not been following politics for the past four decades, you can look here, and here.)

Or, you could look here.  And, in addition to a fair summary of Ailes' odious career, you will learn something about him that may surprise you.  I have to admit that it surprised me.  And made me wonder.

Roger Ailes, as it turns out, was a hemophiliac.  As a child, he was hospitalized several times as a result.  Hemophilia is a serious blood disorder in which blood fails to clot; as a consequence, it can prove to be fatal.   For a boy with hemophilia, life is a constant struggle in which natural childhood instincts to play and explore need to be constrained in order to avoid injuries that cause bleeding and, potentially death.  For an adult with hemophilia, it is a constant reminder of how fragile life can be.

One might expect that living with such a condition would have given Ailes some degree of empathy for the weaknesses of others.  If anything, he seemed to have gone in the other direction.  His entire career in media was defined by finding weaknesses in others, and then exploiting those weaknesses as ruthlessly as possible.  It's easy to imagine that, if one of his clients' opponents had hemophilia, he would not have hesitated to use it offensively, without regard to his own suffering as well as the suffering of others.

It would be worth knowing why tragedy makes some people empathetic, while hardening others. Perhaps we will never know.  In the meantime, I am sure I am not alone in wishing that Roger Ailes had developed some degree of empathy from his affliction.  Among other things, it might have spared him his own ignominious ending, professionally speaking.

The War Has Started. Are We Willing To Fight It?

Perhaps I should say that it's re-started.  Or, perhaps I should acknowledge an uncomfortable but now inescapable fact.  The Civil War never really ended, any more than there were actually two World Wars instead of one with a two-decade time-out.  We've had a time-out of almost a century and a half, with a few intermediate skirmishes.  But it seems to me that the skirmishes are over and, from the pace of recent events, the actual combat has resumed.

Some of it is relatively low-level stuff, and even borders on the ridiculous.  Consider the recent incident in which a man, wearing one of Donald Trump's "Make America Great Again" hats (the ones that are made in China, like much of Trump's merchandise), insisted on being compensated with three additional seats because he couldn't get a seat upgrade he had previously requested.  When his request wasn't honored, he decided to turn the confrontation he had created into a political war, as though wearing the hat made him a martyr--or, perhaps, as though voting for a billionaire entitled him to being treated like one.

Or consider this one, with slightly uglier language.  As you can see, Trump voters feel that their vote got them more than their man in office.  It conferred on them an unqualified right to behave badly in public, regardless of who they hurt or why.  Of course, as in the case of the Walmart incident, there were (and, elsewhere, are) very specific targets:  anyone who isn't white, basically.

And, sadly, the ugliness doesn't stop with language.  Nor does it stop with voters.

Consider this incident, from Trump's recent overseas trip, which he himself modestly described as a "home run" upon his return to the U.S..  On top of an arms deal with the nation that supplied most of the 9/11 attackers, and the revelation of more shenanigans involving the Trump family and the Russians, he berated the leaders of the European countries who served for decades as a buffer during the Cold War, and a home for many of our citizens (civilian and military), and culminated his misbehavior with this.  Somebody needs to tell him that wars have been started over less.  But, if you remember the violence that accompanied many of his campaign rallies, should you or anyone else be surprised/

And then, of course, there is this.  Not just an assault on a reporter by a candidate, but an assault on a reporter by a candidate that is subsequently justified by the media supporters of the candidate. Bias, it turns out, is not bias if it's on behalf of the conservative cause, or one of its candidates. But, perhaps, the saddest part about this story is the fact that the candidate won.  Granted, most of the votes were cast prior to the attack, But we'll never know exactly how many of the votes for the candidate were cast because of the attack.  And there's no doubt that some of those votes were cast for exactly that reason.

It is the Montana special election outcome, and the failure of many reporters to come to the defense of their attacked colleague, that should make all of us join The New Republic in wondering whether the institutions of democracy are strong enough to withstand the current assault.  And stop incidents like this one, in which we are sadly reminded that wars produce casualties.

Who should worry about this?  All of us.  The Civil War was originally defined by geography.  Today, technology has rendered geographic limitations meaningless.  The haters are everwhere.  And their hatred has no boundaries.

I'm reminded of the movie (and, later, the Broadway show) "Shenandoah," about a Virginia farmer who thinks that his family can afford to ignore the combat that surrounds them--until, sadly, they can't.

We are all that family now.  And we have no choice but to recognize it.

This is not a problem that is going to be solved by removing Trump from office, nor from any kind of "blue wave" that may or may not surface in next year's midterm elections.  I almost hate to say this but, at the rate at which our civilization seems to be deteriorating, it's an open question in my mind as to whether we will have midterm elections next year.

Does that seem like hyperbole?

A few years, or even months ago, would any of the incidents I've described here have seemed like anything other than hyperbole?  No doubt, but they aren't now.

There's a much more essential question right now.

Are you willing to fight?

Are you willing to sacrifice, as others have sacrificed before us?  That's what it may take.  And, on Memorial Day weekend, there's no better time to ask the question.

I hope the answer is yes for all of us.

I know it is for me.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

An Unexpected Insight From Margaret Atwood

"1984" is a brilliantly written book, but a horribly depressing one.  The totalitarian world it creates for the reader is as realistic--and conceivable--as it is brutal and merciless.  Reading it is not a pleasant experience, but it has been a necessary one almost from the moment it was published, and never more so than now.  It is possible, however, to read it and appreciate it as a literary experience. This is not only because of how well George Orwell uses language to make his nightmare feel real, and to make you care about what happens in it, but because language itself is part of the subject of the book.

Newspeak, the language of the book's totalitarian state designed to suppress dissent, emerged from Orwell's concern as a journalist about the misuse of language by politicians to manipulate or conceal the truth rather than advance it.  He took the subject of language seriously enough that, at the end of the book's main story, he included an essay as an appendix entitled "The Principles of Newspeak," in which he describes in detail the structure of the language and how it operated to limit the potential range of thought.

I have read "1984," including the appendix, several times, and somehow never noticed a rather interesting fact:  the appendix is written in the past tense.  That is to say, it is written in such a way that it describes a process of language creation that had already begun, and was planned for completion in the future, but may or may not have been actually completed.

Margaret Atwood, the author of another dystopian book, "The Handmaid's Tale," recently said that she interpreted this use of the past tense to mean that the "author" of the appendix was writing from some farther point in the future, perhaps at a time when the world as described in "1984" had collapsed.  In her view, the author of the appendix was not meant to be Orwell himself, but some survivor of his nightmare world who was living at a time when life was better, and people were trying to make sense of what had happened previously and learn from it.  She added that this perspective had inspired the structure of "The Handmaid's Tale."

I would like to believe that her take on Orwell and "1984" are accurate.  It makes me think about the end of "The Hunger Games" trilogy, which also depicts a dystopian world that eventually ends up in a better place.  Perhaps hope is ultimately impossible to destroy, as long as there is a single human being capable of feeling it.  Even if the human being is a dystopian author.  Something to hang onto, as the world seems to spin faster and faster toward chaos.

The Closest Thing To A Time Machine?

Virtual reality--the technology that allows you to not simply see or read about an event or experience but to actually immerse yourself in it (visually, at least for the moment)--has become the next frontier in media technology.  Its applications are going exponentially.  Initially, the market for VR seemed primarily to be video gamers who wanted a more "real" experience in game-playing.  It has begun to expand beyond that, however.  News organizations such as the New York Times have used it to create VR feature stories, designed to give their readers/viewers more of a you-are-there experience.  And now, it appears that VR can be helpful to the elderly, in enabling them to relive parts of their lives or experience places and events from the past or present, whether new to them or not.  Here is an article about how this has already begun to happen.

For me, as a preservationist, it's not difficult to see how this could be useful.  I currently serve on the board of the Theater Historical Society of America, an organization devoted to archiving various artifacts from historical theaters across the country, as well as publishing stories about those theaters--many of them demolished, but many of them still standing.  Among our archives are photos, and even architectural drawings, of many of these theaters.  In addition, many of our members have first-hand memories of the events that took place in these buildings---not only the shows themselves, but much of what happened behind the scenes backstage and in the offices, as well as in the audiences.

What if THS were to take much of this information and use it to re-create the experiences of being in many of the theaters that are long gone?  What if it were possible to use VR to allow people to "experience" what it was like to be at the opening night of a particular show, or even at the opening night of a particular theater?  What if that experience was expanded further, to allow a viewer to go outside of the theater and immerse himself or herself in the city outside the theater?  The possibilities are quite possibly limitless.

There's always the danger with technology like this that the users will eventually too "cut off" from the actual world around them to live meaningful lives for themselves or others.  That's something to consider, and perhaps reason to temper one's optimism about VR or any similar technology.  But it's certainly not a reason to shun it.  VR has the potential to be the closest thing we will have to a time machine for a very long time.  It has enormous potential as a tool for entertainment, for journalism, and for preservationists who may be able to "save" old buildings electronically even if they cannot do so in reality.  A digital Williamsburg could be a very useful thing.

Perhaps we at THS could help lead the way in making it happen.

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

What Is Modern Conservatism REALLY All About?

Last week, in talking about Donald Trump (which his Presidency obliges me to do, whether any of us like it or not), I included a link to a Washington Post column by George Will, in which Will verbally dismembers Trump as only Will can do.  It's worth a second opportunity for you to look at it, so I will provide one here.

What is at the heart of this dismemberment, in this case, is by no means purely an ad hominem attack. After all, Will has long been a defender of the principles of small-government conservatism, as expressed in our Constitution and experienced in our subsequent history.  Trump is a Republican President and, in the post-Reagan tradition of Republican Presidents, supposed to be committed to those principles. But Trump, as was the case in his pre-Presidential life, is committed to only one principle: maximizing his personal popularity.  It is, to illustrate via one example, why he lurches from endorsing universal health care to celebrating the passage of a health care bill that is only universal in the pain it would spread throughout the country.

So, then, Will's lamentations about The Donald can and should be read as lamenting the institutional failure of the Republican Party and, for that matter, the larger conservative movement, to produce a presidential candidate with the intelligence and persuasive skills to advocate small-government conservatism in a consistent, issues-focused manner.  Putting it another way, Will's laments the loss of a conservative politics of ideas.

Even someone as liberal as me can respect this.  I was brought up to understand that conservatism was, at its best, about a respect for the lessons of history, and the need to proceed with caution in considering changes in the status quo.  In and of themselves, those are not bad ideas, nor are they incompatible with policies implemented by a liberal government.  History as a discipline, in part, to discourage us from going in directions that have been tried and failed--or worse, from directions that have been tried solely for the purpose of advancing the interests of a few at the expense of everyone else.  And caution need not be a complete inhibitor of new ideas. Rather, it can be a way of guarding against the effects of the law of unintended consequences.

Will therefore rightly castigates Trump for not being knowledgeable about history or cautious in his actions.  What Will fails to accept, however, is that Trump is the modern conservative movement in its last degenerate phase, one where caution and knowledge have given way to almost religious adherence to fiscal and social policies that have repeatedly failed, and, finally, a lust for power that cannot even conceive of admitting mistakes, let alone tolerate an actual admission.

We should all be willing to admit by now that balancing a budget, like losing weight, demands some level of sacrifice, with the democratic commitment to sharing it as much as possible.  We should be willing to admit that we have only one planet, and that science demands that we take steps to take care of it.  We should be willing to face the fact that you can't have an economy without an environment, and that businesses won't take care of the environment without government coercion. Above all, we should be willing to admit that there is no point in calling ourselves a nation if we are not willing to take care of each other.  These are the lessons of history.  Caution is required in any attempt to depart from those lessons.

But 40 years of worshiping Ronald Reagan and the sunny effect he had on people's emotions has seemingly dragged us in a direction away from all of those lessons--and, worse yet, from the ability to heed them.  We seem to be no longer able to think about anything with any kind of clarity or consistency.  This, perhaps, is why we have conservative Christians who want to defund Planned Parenthood even as they cheerfully endorse aid to Israel, where abortion is practically a civil right. Never mind that the services provided by organizations by Planned Parenthood make abortions less likely.  Never mind that abortion bans make abortions more lethal, not less likely.  It is impossible to argue with these people, as it is with their secular counterparts about other issues, because thinking is no longer part of the conservative tradition.  It is, quite literally, all about belief in failed policies--and woe to anyone who dares say otherwise.

A nation that substitutes belief for thought is a nation that can no longer effectively govern itself, because each of its citizens lack the most fundamental of tools for self-governance:  an open, working mind.  Such citizens can only be herded by those strong-willed enough to take charge, regardless of what kind of charge they want to take.  And that is why modern conservatism is about one thing, and one thing only.  Power.  The need to possess it.  The need to keep it.  The need to use it.  And the need to attack, in every conceivable way, those who might take it away.

And that is the reason why, for the foreseeable future, we are stuck with talking about Donald Trump. Conservatives need to learn how to think again.  They need to learn to embrace conservatism in the very best sense, and learn from history's lessons.  History contains many examples of Trump-like characters.  It also has lessons about how to deal with them.

Perhaps, however, what they need to do first is to stop demonizing those who disagree with them, and to understand that someone like Trump is a threat to all of us.  A lust for power unwed to any redeeming desire or impulse is no respecter of persons.  Perhaps organizing around that thought is where the thinking can begin.